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Understanding Minnesota Statute 504B: A Landlord and Tenant Guide for a Successful Rental Experience

May 19, 2023

If you’re a landlord or a tenant in Minnesota, it’s essential to understand the legal framework outlined in Minnesota Statute 504B. This statute outlines the rights and responsibilities of both parties. It is necessary knowledge for anyone managing or renting out properties. This article will provide a detailed overview of the key provisions in this statute, including tenants’ and landlords’ rights and the available dispute resolution options.

Tenants’ Rights

A Safe And Habitable Dwelling Unit

Under Minnesota Statute 504B, your landlord is required to provide you with a dwelling unit that is safe, sanitary, and habitable. If your unit does not meet these requirements, you may have options such as withholding rent or terminating your lease.


Your landlord cannot enter your unit without your consent, except in emergencies or with reasonable notice. This provision ensures you have the right to privacy in your rented space.

Freedom From Discrimination

Discrimination based on race, color, religion, national origin, sex, familial status, or disability is strictly prohibited. You are entitled to fair treatment and equal opportunities when seeking rental accommodations.

A Fair Hearing Before Eviction

If your landlord intends to evict you, Minnesota Statutes 504B guarantees your right to a fair hearing before a judge or magistrate. A fair hearing allows you to present evidence and challenge the reasons for eviction.

Pet Ownership

While most landlords permit pets, there may be restrictions based on size or breed. You should review your lease agreement to ensure compliance with any pet-related provisions.

Withholding Rent In Some Instances

If your landlord fails to make necessary repairs, you may be entitled to withhold rent until the repairs are completed. Before withholding rent, you must provide written notice to your landlord and allow a reasonable amount of time for the repairs to be carried out.

Landlords’ Rights

Collecting Rent On Time

Landlords have the right to collect rent as agreed upon in the lease agreement. Failure to pay rent may result in eviction.

Entering The Dwelling Unit

Landlords can enter a tenant’s unit for specific reasons, such as repairs or showing the unit to prospective tenants. However, they must provide reasonable notice to the tenant before entering.

Evicting Tenants For Lease Violations

Landlords can initiate eviction proceedings if tenants breach the terms of their lease. Common reasons for eviction include non-payment of rent, property damage, or engaging in illegal activities.

Protection Against Property Damage

Tenants are responsible for any damage to the landlord’s property caused by their negligence or intentional misconduct. Therefore, tenants should take care of the property during their tenancy to avoid liability.


Dispute Resolution

When landlords and tenants disagree, there are different ways to resolve the issue. Initially, they can try informal methods such as mediation or negotiation. However, they may have to go to court if these attempts do not work.

In court, a judge will use the law to decide and may give orders to fulfill obligations like rent payment, repairs, or eviction.


To have a successful rental process, tenants and landlords must know the necessary provisions in Minnesota Statute 504B. This law is complex yet crucial in maintaining an excellent landlord-tenant relationship: our website, TWINCITIES.REALESTATE offers guidance and expert advice on this statute and other real estate matters in the Twin Cities area. In addition, we understand that many intricacies are involved in the eviction process, which we will cover in another informative article.

Staying informed about your rights and responsibilities as a landlord or tenant is essential. Knowledge is critical in protecting your interests and ensuring a positive rental experience. Visit our website for a wealth of resources and information to help you make informed decisions during your rental journey.

Jerry Arguello